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Mood Disorders Notes

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This is an extract of our Mood Disorders document, which we sell as part of our Psychiatry Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Leicester students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Psychiatry Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Mood disorders ('Affective disorders') Encompasses
- Depression
- Mania
- Hypomania
- Bipolar disorder

Depression 'An affective disorder characterized by negative affect, lethargy and anhedonia' Epidemiology
- 10% of general population (very common)
- F>M
- Associated with lower socioeconomic class Aetiology Predisposing factors:
- Genetics
- Childhood experiences e.g physical/sexual abuse
- "Vulnerability factors" o > 3 children under 14 years o No work outside of home o No confiding relationship Precipitating factors
- Adverse life event (bereavement/stressful events)
- Childbirth
- Endocrine o Hypothyroidism, Cushings, GH or ACTH
- Drug and alcohol abuse Maintaining factors
- Chronic social difficulties e.g poverty, unemployment, disability
- Drug and alcohol abuse
- Difficult relationships
- Finances Clinical presentation
- 3 core symptoms o Low mood o Lethargy o Anhedonia (lack of interest in things previously enjoyed) Biological Symptoms Sleep disturbance Changes in appetite Weight changes Diurnal mood variation Psychomotor retardation

Must have at least 2 of these everyday for at least 2 weeks

Psychological Symptoms Feelings of
- Guilt
- Helplessness
- Hopelessness
- Worthlessness

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