Medicine Notes > University Of Leicester Medicine Notes > Respiratory Notes

Pleural Effusions Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Pleural Effusions notes, which we sell as part of the Respiratory Notes collection, a MBChB (hons) (1st) package written at University Of Leicester in 2014 that contains (approximately) 35 pages of notes across 13 different documents.

Learn more about our Respiratory Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

Pleural Effusions Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Respiratory Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

Pleural Effusions A collection of fluid in the pleural space If its an infected effusion = empyema If related to pneumonia = "para-pneumonic effusion" Pathogenesis
- Normal parietal pleura produces fluid that is reabsorbed by visceral pleura. Can be disrupted by; o Excessive fluid production (inflammation) o Impaired re-absorption
= Accumulation of fluid Clinical features
- Dyspnoea (must be moderate to cause this)
- Pleural pain
- Cough Signs
- Reduced expansion
- Stony dull percussion
- Reduced breath sounds and vocal resonance
- Bronchial breathing above effusion
- CXR = blunting of costophrenic angles in small effusions Investigations
- Exudate vs transudate to elicit cause of effusion o If pH of fluid is

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Respiratory Notes.