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Intro To Social Psych Notes

Psychology Notes > Intro to Social and Developmental Psych (1st year) Notes

This is an extract of our Intro To Social Psych document, which we sell as part of our Intro to Social and Developmental Psych (1st year) Notes collection written by the top tier of Durham University students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Intro to Social and Developmental Psych (1st year) Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Social Psych
= scientific study of the reciprocal influence of the individual and context
Standard Social Model = born blank slates
Evolution due to:
Random Variation - recombinant gametes/mutation/sexual reproduction
Systematic Selection - natural/sexual
Proximate = why right now?
Ultimate = why at all?
Phylogenetic = evolutionary history
Ontogenetic = individual development

Sex differences
Gender roles = appropriate behaviour for M/F
Gender identity = perception of oneself as M/F
Sex = biological X/Y
Gender = social ie cultural d score = M av - F av
Pooled SD

0.2 = small effect

0.5 = medium effect

0.8 = large effect
Aggression d = 0.4  medium
Emotional decoding d = -1.02  large
M>F
Psychoticisim
Loneliness
Self-esteem
Dominance
Achievement motivation

0.28 0.16

0.12 0.12

0.1 F>M
Sex role
Closeness
Self-disclosure
Anxiety
Depression

-0.52
-0.45
-0.36
-0.32
-0.16

External LOC

-0.24

How to measure M/F = Bem Sex Pole Inventory

Mischel Learning Theory: M and F rewarded for difference behaviours Social Psych
SLT
Bandura: modelling
Perry and Bussey: imitation of sex-typical behaviour
Media: TV characters M:F 5:1 and gender stereotyped
Cultural/Social Role Theory: Eagly

Do stereotypes cause behaviour?
Spencer, Steele & Quinn - F do worse on maths test when asked gender
Campbell - 3m/o F look more to other F than 3m/o M-M
Cross - sex diff in impulsivity falling as society equalises
Children shown sex diff before they develop stereotypes
Stereotypes occur in pre-schoolers
Actual stereotypes are LOWER than perceived stereotypes
Perhaps division of labour is caused by sex diff:
M hunt/build/fish etc
F care/laundry etc
Biosocial reformulation: Wood & Eagly

EVOL THEORY
Sexual selection:
 Inter: opposite sex prefers some traits
 Intra: some traits increase competitor vs own sex
Parental Investment (Trivers): investment into offspring increases survival
Differences in PI: M

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