Veterinary Medicine Notes > University Of Veterinary Medicine And Pharmacy Of Kosice, Slovakia Veterinary Medicine Notes > Small Animal Internal Disease - Skin Notes
Traumatic Dermatitis Superficial And Deep Folliculitis Furunculosis Pododermatitis Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 7 page long Traumatic Dermatitis Superficial And Deep Folliculitis Furunculosis Pododermatitis notes, which we sell as part of the Small Animal Internal Disease - Skin Notes collection, a A (> 90% ) package written at University Of Veterinary Medicine And Pharmacy Of Kosice, Slovakia in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 7 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Traumatic Dermatitis Superficial And Deep Folliculitis Furunculosis Pododermatitis Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Small Animal Internal Disease - Skin Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
1. Skin diseases - Pyoderma, Pyotraumatic dermatitis, Superficial and Deep Folliculitis, Furunculosis, Pododermatitis PYODERMA Pyoderma = Pyogenic infection of the skin - generally bacterial but can involve fungi (opportunists)
• Primary Pyoderma - Skin infection what doesn't reoccur after treatment
• Secondary Pyoderma - More common; Assoc. with persistant underlying problems that alter the skins resistance to infection. Usually reoccurs until primary condition is corrected Causal Agents
• Staph. Intermedius (Also Staph. Schleiferi)
• Pseudomonas sp., Proteus sp and E-coli - In chronic, reoccurant or deep pyodermas (as 20 invaders)
• Bacteroides spp, Fusobacterium spp., Clostridium spp. - In deep pyodermas
1. Surface Pyoderma Pyotraumatic Dermatitis = Acute moist dermatitis or "hot spot" Etiology
• Self trauma to the skin due to an underlying pruritic pr painful process → focal surface pyoderma.
• Underlying conditions = Allergic skin diseases, Ectoparasites, Otitis Externa, Environmental causes, Anal Sac issues, Musculoskeletal disorders
• Most common cause is flea allergy dermatitis
• Single, alopecic lesion that is well circumscribed, erythematous, thickened and erosive; there is a thin film of exudate on top.
• Lesion devps after licking/chewing and can develop within hours of trauma!
Diagnosis: History of self-trauma, acute onset, rapid development of the lesion, typical appearance on Physical exam Treatment: Topical therapy
• Clip long hairs, Cleanse the area (chlorhexidine)
Dry the lesion and apply topical antibiotic/corticosteroid cream (e.g. panalog cream) Systemic therapy
• Corticosteroids: if the lesion is painful and pruritic
Systemic antibiotics - min. 3 weeks + 1 week after disappearance of clinical signs
Skin fold Pyoderma - Intertrigo Etiology:
• Deep skin folds - Skin rubs against itself) irritation and trauma bacterial colonisation of the skin surface pyoderma
• Skin folds create most dark warm anaerobic conditions for bacteria to flourish. Folds retains skin secretions and skin cells promoting bacterial or yeast growth
• Staph. intermedius and Malassezia pachydermatis - most common Clinical signs:
• Inflammation and mild exudation of the skin fold; malodorous.
Best identified by widening of the skin fold Lip, Facial, Vulvar, Tail, Obesity fold, or Generalized
• Cleanse, disinfect and dry
Bacteria only →2x daily with benzoyl peroxide containing gel Yeast +/- Bacteria → 2X daily miconazole and chlorhexidine containing preparation In the case of sever inflammatory response → 2-3days, 2X dailt panalog cream Preventive therapy: surgical correction by removal of the skin fold
2. Superficial pyoderma
• = Bacterial invasion of the epidermis
2 manifestations: o infection of the stratum corneum and pustule formation = Impetigo or puppy pyoderma o infection of the hair follicle (folliculitis)
Staph. Intermedius is the most common pathogen
• Young dogs before puberty
Contributing factors - Poor nutrition, poor environment, ecto or endoparasite infection
• Pustules in the inguinal and ventral abdomen regions that DO NOT involve the hair follicles
• When pustules rupture →yellow-brownish crust forms
Usually non-pruritic Usually an incidental finding during exam of newly acquired puppies
****************************End Of Sample*****************************
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Small Animal Internal Disease - Skin Notes.