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EE Caledonia v Orbit Valve

[1995] 1 All ER 174

Case summary last updated at 02/01/2020 10:09 by the Oxbridge Notes in-house law team.

Judgement for the case EE Caledonia v Orbit Valve

 D agreed to carry out work on P’s oil rig, subject to the clause that “any claim… or liability… arising by reason of… death of any employee… of the indemnifying party, resulting from or… connected with the performance of this order”. One of D’s employees died due to P’s negligence and P paid a settlement to the deceased’s family, and then claimed the settlement money from D under the clause. CA rejected P’s claim, since the clause was to allocate the risk so that each party would be liable for his own negligence. Thus P couldn’t force D to pay for P’s negligence. 
 
Steyn LJ: He approves the dictum of Lord Morton that regarding exemption/indemnity clauses, (1) an express exemption of P from liability in cases of negligence is effective; (2) if negligence is not mentioned expressly the court must consider whether the terms used are wide enough to cover negligence cases; (3) If they are wide enough, then the court must consider if, realistically, there is another head of damage under which the exemption clause could be invoked, then P cannot rely on it in negligence claims. 

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