This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire [1989] AC 53

By Oxbridge Law TeamUpdated 04/01/2024 07:03

Judgement for the case Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire

Table Of Contents

  • Plaintiff’s daughter was murdered in an area over which R was Chief Constable and claimed that R was negligent in failing to prevent the crime and that, if the police were more efficient, his daughter would have been saved.

  • HL dismissed claim, saying:

    1. That the police were immune from negligence claims regarding investigation and suppression of crime, and

    2. The police had no duty of care to people who might be injured by crime, except where the police’s own actions created an exceptional added risk of being subjected to criminal activities. 

Lord Keith

  • This case is different from Dorset yacht Co. because:

    1. Here the criminal was never in police custody, and

    2. Here there was not the necessary proximity between Victim and the Chief Constable (in Dorset the class of people who were sufficiently proximate were boat owners on the island, whereas Victim here was no more likely to be attacked than anyone else).

  • Point (1) is important because a police force would know the identity of the criminal, unlike here.

  • If the appeal were allowed, the public could investigate the performance of every policeman, which would clog up the courts and therefore the courts are the wrong bodies to investigate the efficiency of the police. 

Any comments or edits about this case? Get in touch

For Further Study on Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire

GDL Tort Law Notes
591 total pages
90 purchased

A collection of the best GDL notes the director of Oxbridge Notes (a...

Need instant answers? Our AI exam tutor is here to help.

Ask questions 🙋 Get answers 📔 It's simple 👁️👄👁️

Our AI is educated by the highest scoring students across all subjects and schools. Join hundreds of your peers today.

Get Started
Claim every advantage to get a first in law
Tort Law Notes
1,070 total pages
853 purchased

Tort Law notes fully updated for recent exams at Oxford and Cambridg...