Someone recently bought our

students are currently browsing our notes.


R v Bird

[1985] 2 All E.R. 513

Case summary last updated at 11/01/2020 18:21 by the Oxbridge Notes in-house law team.

Judgement for the case R v Bird

V pushed D against a wall and slapped her, so she hit him with a glass (not realising that she was holding the glass). Judge said that self-defence was not open to an assailant: only the attacked party. To be the attacked party it was necessary to prove that one had tried to disengage or demonstrate unwillingness to fight. She was convicted. CA allowed her appeal. They said that unwillingness to fight or attempts to withdraw etc were merely evidence of being the attacked party, rather than the attacker, and there were other ways this could be proved. Lord lane says the duty to retreat no longer exists and therefore, while retreat may provide evidence of D’s situation, it is not necessary. 

Have you seen Oxbridge Notes' best Criminal Law study materials?

Our law notes have been a popular underground sensation for 10 years:

  • Written by Oxford & Cambridge prize-winning graduates
  • Includes copious academic commentary in summary form
  • Concise structure relating cases and statutes into an easy-to-remember whole
  • Covers all major cases for LLB exams
  • Satisfaction guaranteed refund policy
  • Recently updated
Criminal Law Notes

Criminal Law Notes >>