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Juveniles Notes

LPC Law Notes > Advanced Criminal Litigation Notes

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Advanced Criminal Litigation Juveniles Revision At police station, juvenile = 10-16 At court, juvenile = 10-17 (anyone under 18) Doli Incapx 10 is age of criminal responsibility 17 year olds now do have the same rights as 10-16 at the police station Code C 1.5A If juvenile need instructions in writing in presence of appropriate adult before doing Youths at the Police Station Code C 1.5 a juvenile is anyone who appears to be under the age of 17 Arrival:
? Duty to inform person responsible for child's welfare why they have been arrested, why they are being detained and where. s34(8) Children and Young Person Act 1993 o N.B if under LA care then inform the LA Code C 3.13
? Inform Probation services Youth offending Team if under a care order Code C

3.14 ? Contact an appropriate adult ASAP Code C 3.15 Appropriate Adult: Code C 3.17 has hierarchy of those to be an appropriate adult:
? Parent/Guardian/LA
? Social Worker
? Any other responsible adult, 18+ and not connected with the police (friends, relatives etc.) NOT appropriate if:
? Police officer or police employee (Code C 1.7)
? Solicitor (as conflict of interest, Code C Guidance 1F)
? An interested party: o Suspected involvement o Victim o Witness o Person juvenile has previously made admissions to (Code C Guidance 1B) Custody Sgt. Makes the decision, juvenile has not say unless estranged parent and juveniles objects (Code C Guidance 1B) Custody officer should explain rights whilst at police station in presence of appropriate adult or repeat in front of both when adult arrives Code C 3.17, 10.12 No interview without appropriate adult Code C 11.15 Role??Advise and assist juvenile Assist with communication between juvenile and police Ensure appropriate police behaviour Protect juvenile rights Home Office Guidelines and Police should inform them of this Code C 11.17

Solicitor can object to the appropriate adult if conflict between them and the juvenile

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