P was sacked for misconduct but D failed to follow the disciplinary procedure set out in the contract. CA held that P could not lawfully be sacked in accordance with the contract until the disciplinary procedure was followed, so that D had simply repudiated the contract. Repudiation alone did not automatically terminate the contract’s existence unless P accepted it (Shaw LJ dissenting on this point) but that (per Buckley LJ) P had accepted the repudiation at the trial, even if not before. Therefore the contract had been terminated, P was only entitled to damages by the amount of wages payable for the period from his (unlawful) dismissal until the expiry of the contractual notice period (i.e. one month’s wages, here).
Buckley LJ (majority reasoning): “Where a servant is wrongfully dismissed, he is entitled, subject to mitigation, to damages equivalent to the wages he would have earned under the contract from the date of dismissal to the end of the contract. The date when the contract would have come to an end, however, must be ascertained on the assumption that the employer would have exercised any power he may have had to bring the contract to an end in the way most beneficial to himself; that is to say, that he would have determined the contract at the earliest date at which he could properly do so”. The damages are for being excluded from service for the month when he was entitled to serve out his notice period. Although he endorses the elective view of termination, the fact that in an employment contract it is v unlikely that a master will take back a servant he has wrongfully dismissed, and that a servant must mitigate when he has been wrongfully dismissed (and it is v hard to mitigate i.e. by finding another job, in a way that seriously allows for the possibility of coming back to work for the original master), the court will be willing to infer acceptance e.g. by P finding a new job. However he doesn’t explain why he infers P’s acceptance at trial stage here.
Shaw LJ (dissenting as to reasoning, but not result): repudiation automatically terminates the contract. See summary in the Ewing article (above).