Ps company were defamed in a wider article by D’s newspaper about companies under investigation for links to terrorism. HL said that the newspaper would be acquitted of defamation because (1) the article was on a matter of public importance and (2) “responsible journalism” requirements were fulfilled (e.g. verification of sources etc). These are the 2 essential ingredients that allowed a qualified privilege (i.e. where only malice can overturn the privilege) and can, as here, protect an article from defamation claims.