History Notes > Oxford History Notes > American History - 1863-1975 Notes

Progressivism Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 5 page long Progressivism notes, which we sell as part of the American History - 1863-1975 Notes collection, a [unknown] package written at Oxford in 2013 that contains (approximately) 46 pages of notes across 7 different documents.

Learn more about our American History - 1863-1975 Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

Progressivism Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our American History - 1863-1975 Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

AMERICAN HISTORY SINCE 1865 PROGRESSIVISM 'A middle-class movement responding to middle-class concerns'. Is this an accurate description of Progressivism?
Introduction Emergence of Progressivism/Difference of a Mugwamp Muckraking Business Municipal reform Class Religion Immigration Politics Conclusion Who Were the Progressives?: G.E. Gilmore
- Historians asked to define progressivism give contradicting answers.
- Most progressives justified sex-based wage discrimination on the basis that women were living in homes with male wage earners, typically.
- Progressives taught immigrants to be Americans, providing English language classes and aiding civic understanding and employment finding.
- Women were key to progressivism, contributing to its intellectual and organisational framework.
- 'Reforms' pursued by some progressives included the implementation of poll taxes or restricting the voting rights of the illiterate.
- In 1912 some Republicans splintered into the Progressive Party, headed by Theodore Roosevelt, and advocate a 'New Nationalism'; he lost the election to Woodrow Wilson's Democrats1.
- Hofstadter has been called a 'counter-progressive'. He has argued that progressivism was not a popular revolution, but a re-ordering, coming from the middle-classes, and seeking to make their world more manageable2.
- The middle-classes were concerned by the chaos caused by urbanisation, industrialisation, and mass immigration.
- Kolko disagrees, and argues that the middle-class element of progressivism stifled forces for real change, such as the Socialists and the IWW.
- After 1900 populism and progressivism merge, although dual urban and rural origins are still evident.
- Mugwamp? Favoured tariff reform and sounds money.
- Growing wealth inequality and the emergence of a plutocracy was causing discontent among America's middle-classes, who were seeing their social status steadily denuded.
- Bourbon Democrats/Redeemers - Southern white democrats who came to power after the end of Reconstruction.
- Rather than seeking endless legislative compromise, urban progressives focussed on the better enforcement and administration of existing rules. For example, instead of seeking more stringent factory legislation, they instead ensured proper adherence to basic employment law.
- McKinley was assassinated in September 1901. 1 Who Were the Progressives?: G.E. Gilmore 2 Who Were the Progressives?: G.E. Gilmore

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our American History - 1863-1975 Notes.