Someone recently bought our

students are currently browsing our notes.

X

British Liberalism Notes

History Notes > British Liberalism, 1815 - 1918 Notes

This is an extract of our British Liberalism document, which we sell as part of our British Liberalism, 1815 - 1918 Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Oxford students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our British Liberalism, 1815 - 1918 Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Liberalism

Liberalism

2

Contents????

Past questions Quotes o Whiggery o Liberalism o Gladstonian Liberalism o Radicalism and Liberal Unionism Chronology o Governments o Whiggery o Liberalism Whiggery o Origins o Historiography o Reform o Society o Religion o Economics o Foreign policy o Lobbies o Decline Liberalism o Origins o Consistency o Reform o Society o Economics o Foreign policy o Lobbies Gladstonian Liberalism o Origins o Historiography o Organisation o Consistency o Reform o Society o Religion o Economics o National policy o Foreign policy o Lobbies o Decline Liberal Unionism o Origins o Foreign policy Principles o The Empire o The Whigs and Ireland

Liberalism

3o The Liberals and Ireland o Home Rule o Wales o Scotland Events o Opposition o Grey's ministry o The Great Reform Act o Melbourne's first ministry o Melbourne's second ministry o Russell's first ministry o The Great Famine o The Crimean War o Palmerston's first ministry o Palmerston's second ministry o Russell's second ministry o The Second Reform Act o Gladstone's first ministry o Opposition o Gladstone's second ministry o The Third Reform Act o Gladstone's third ministry o Gladstone's fourth ministry o Rosebery's ministry o Campbell-Bannerman's ministry o Asquith's ministry o The Great War o Lloyd George's ministry

Quotes WhiggeryParliament should embody 'the respectability, the wealth and the intelligence'.

Liberalism

4???o Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey. With 1832 'it was impossible to exaggerate the enthusiasm of Scotland...
it is like liberty given to slaves'. o Henry Cockburn, 1832, the Edinburgh Review. Benthamites are "all fools". o William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. "Johnny had upset the coach". o Lord Stanley on Lord John Russell's defiance of his party on Irish issues. "[T]o hold our own Whig course". o Lord John Russell, 1835. "The Whigs and Radicals can, I believe, at any time defeat a Tory government" o Lord John Russell to Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey. That "within a day's communication of the capital of the greatest and richest empire in the world, thousands of our fellow creatures are each day dying of starvation." o Isaac Butt on the Great Hunger. "We are reaping the fruit of English legislation." o The Belfast Vindicator on the Great Famine.

Liberalism

Liberalism

5???????

A government was needed "fairly representing the industrial mind and conservative progress of the country". o George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon. "Afghanistan must be ours or Russia's". o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. "[S]o much the better; there are several of her colonies which would suit us remarkably well". o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston on the prospect of war with Portugal in 1839. Palmerston was "the true English mastiff" and "English to the backbone". o The newspapers on Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. That "a British subject, in whatever land he may be, shall feel confident that the watchful eye and the strong arm of England, will protect him against injustice and wrong." o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. 'One thing is certain - the French must go out of Belgium, or we have a general war, and war in a given number of days.' o Palmerston letter to Ambassador Granville, intercepted by the French. 'Diplomats and protocols are very good things, but there are no better peace-keepers than well-appointed three-deckers'. o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. 'The interest of England was the maintenance of general peace throughout Europe'. o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. The 'notion that I am more indifferent than I ought to be as to the risk of war'. o Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston. Palmerston provided "dull government". o Walter Bagehot. And "it really brings together persons of all opinions" in the search for social improvement. o John Stuart Mill on the Social Science Association. The situation will be resolved through the 'mutual concert between the Great Powers'. o Lord John Russell on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Palmerston 'wasted the strength derived by England from the great war by his brag'. o Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville. On his death, Gladstone wrote: "Death had indeed laid low the most towering antlers in all the forest." o WE Gladstone on the death of Palmerston in October 1865.

Liberalism

6

Gladstonian Liberalism?????????

That "man's sinfulness was "the great fact in the world". o WE Gladstone. "The country would not tolerate any direct influence in a quarrel with which we had no concern.' o George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon to the Queen. Establishment was an "essential and fundamental part of the Union". o The Act of Union, 1st August 1800. "Legislators, ministers, peers, bishops and archbishops were drawn with irresistible force into the whirlpool of social science." o The Spectator. A 'half-mad fire-brand who would soon ruin everything, and be a Dictator'. o Queen Victoria on WE Gladstone. To "embrace broad principles and to hold them fast". o The first duty of the statesman, according to Gladstone. "I dislike, I may almost say I detest, gratuitous change." o WE Gladstone. "You cannot fight the future. Time is on our side." o WE Gladstone. I am an "out-and-out inequalitarian". o WE Gladstone. That: "the Fenian conspiracy has been an important influence with regard to Irish policy". o William Ewart Gladstone, 1869. It is "the most absurd" institution of the civilised world. o Thomas Babington Macaulay on the Church of Ireland. The Liberals had "never been a party, except ad hoc, for some special purpose". o Viscount Cardwell, 1874. The "criminal lunacy" of Gladstone's approach. o Sir William Harcourt, Leader of the House of Commons, 1886. Gladstone "regards the rest of us as children". o Sir William Harcourt, Leader of the House of Commons. The 'nation of nonconformists'. o Henry Richard. 'It is quite evident that the Welch consider me to be their representative'. o Richard Cobden. That 'if a broomstick was put up in the Gladstone interest I believe [the Welsh] would vote for it'. o The Conservative candidate for Pembrokeshire, 1892. 'Scotland gives us more trouble than the rest of the United Kingdom put together'. o The Liberal-Unionist Chief Whip.

Liberalism

7????"All our progress has been made under the union... Since the union and under equal laws, we have been wedded to the empire and made a progress second to none." o The Belfast Chamber of Commerce to WE Gladstone. 'They have succeeded in uniting the continent of Europe - against England'. o Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury on Gladstonian foreign policy. "The sentiment of empire may be called innate in every Briton." o William Ewart Gladstone. The "mountain with the unrememberable name". o William Ewart Gladstone on Mount Kilimanjaro. "The bombardment of Alexandria, like all butchery is popular". o Sir Charles Dilke MP. "A grave misfortune has fallen on civilisation". o The Spectator on the death of General Charles Gordon. "I will back the masses against the classes". o WE Gladstone in Liverpool, June 1886. And "nine-tenths of our wealth is gone". o WE Gladstone. A "mongrel political combination of teetotallers, Irish revolutionists, Welsh demagogues, small Englanders, English separatists, and general uprooters of all that is national and good". o The Conservatives on Gladstone's final ministry.

Liberalism

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our British Liberalism, 1815 - 1918 Notes.