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World Imperialism Notes

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Imperialism Contents


Past questions Quotes o Historiography o Expansion o Rule o Domestics Maps o The British Empire in 1882 o The British Empire in 1914 o The Scramble for Africa Chronology o Domestic developments o Imperial acquisitions o Imperial events Historiography o Definition o Informal empire o Overview o Lenin o Hobson o Schumpeter o Hildebrand o Robinson and Gallagher o Fieldhouse o Cain and Hopkins o Diplomatic explanations o Financial explanations o Militaristic explanations o Social imperialism o Religious imperialism o Men on the spot o Technology o Imperialism and nationalism o Imperialism and globalisation Colonial rule o Oppression o Enlightenment o Collaboration o Administration o Technology Domestic reaction o Culture o Science British imperialism o Formal empire

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o Informal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response French imperialism o Formal empire o Informal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Belgian imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response German imperialism o Formal empire o Informal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Italian imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Russian imperialism o Formal empire o Informal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Portuguese imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Dutch imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Spanish imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Austrian imperialism o Formal empire o Informal empire o Reasons for expansion

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o Rule o Domestic response Japanese imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response American imperialism o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response

Past questions

How useful is the suggestion that colonial expansion was driven mainly by metropolitan concerns? You should answer with reference to at least two countries.

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o Trinity 2013 To what extent did 'technological superiority' drive imperialism? You may, if you wish, restrict yourself to any one empire. o Trinity 2013 Was European global expansion driven mainly by domestic concerns?
(You should answer with reference to at least two empires.) o Trinity 2012 With what consequences did colonial powers in this period employ modem forms of knowledge in order to rule? (You should answer with reference to at least two empires.) o Trinity 2011 Is it possible to offer a general explanation of the change from informal to formal empire? You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2010 Was the race for imperial possessions driven more by inter-state competition than by social importance?
o Trinity 2010 Was European imperialism an inevitable consequence of inter-state rivalry? You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2009 How important was the mass media to the development of imperialism?
o Trinity 2009 How important was the mass media to the development of imperialism?
You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2008 What role did colonial warfare play in the rise of militarism in Europe?
You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2008 Was European imperialism an inevitable consequence of inter-state rivalry? You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2007 Were domestic political pressures the main driving force in the Scramble for Africa? You should answer with reference to at least two countries. o Trinity 2006 Is it disingenuous to blame the 'Scramble for Africa' on imperial adventurers?
o Trinity 2005

Quotes

Imperialism revision notes

6 Historiography



"Imperialism is capitalism in that stage of development in which the domination of monopolies and finance capital has taken shape". o Vladimir Lenin. Imperialism is "the objectless disposition on the part of a state to unlimited forcible expansion". o Joseph Schumpeter. 'Foreign policy-makers have never operated in a vacuum'. o Andrew Porter. Empire was 'omnipresent in the lives of ordinary people'. o Catherine Hall and Sonya Rose. That 'the empire had no everyday relevance' for the British majority. o Frederick Madden.

Imperialism revision notes

7 Expansion





"We have the power in our hands, moral, physical, and mechanical; the first, based on the Bible, the second, upon the wonderful adaptation of the Anglo-Saxon race to all climates, situations, and circumstances… the third, bequeathed to us by the immortal Watt." o Macgregor Laird. "I have added two provinces to Your Majesty's dominions". o Cecil Rhodes, 1895. In front of world technology, "il n'existe ni mers, ni montagnes, ni distances, ni obstacles". o Théophile Gautier, 1855. "It is thanks to Maillot that Algeria has become a French land; it is he who closed and sealed forever this tomb of Christians". o The Scientific Congress of Algiers, 1881. "Take your banner! Onward go! / Christian soldiers, seek your foe, / And the devil to refute, / Do not hesitate to shoot." o Truth, 16th April 1891. "If the sun is not ascending it is descending… If the country is not flourishing it is declining." o Yoshida Shōin. Seizing Korea would "eliminate recrimination and jealously among its people" (the Japanese people). o Kido Takayoshi. "I insist on war with China to transform Japan, hitherto a contracting nation, into an expansive nation." o Tokutomi Sohō. "France would not easily be content to count for no more in the world that a big Belgium." o Jules Ferry, 1882. "If a nation wishes to remain or become great, it must undertake colonisation." o Bélbin, President of the Valenciennes Society. 'What he was after was not political grandeur but economic advantage.' o Jean Stengers on King Leopold. The "magnificent African pie". o Leopold II of the Belgians. It "is on distant shores that we need to recover the lost half-provinces". o Leopold II, December 1861. "I deplore the internal situation of my country. The blindness and stupidity of the parties. What we need is to throw a grand new idea right in the middle of this furnace. This is what I am looking for in the East." o Leopold II, 1865. A 'young nation which demonstrates itself to be the heir to the wisdom and vigour of Rome'. o William Mackinnon on Italian imperialism. To 'search for outlets for the emigration that has now reached alarming heights'.

Imperialism revision notes

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