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Environmental Impact Assessment Notes

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This is an extract of our Environmental Impact Assessment document, which we sell as part of our Environmental Law Notes collection written by the top tier of Oxford students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Environmental Law Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Environmental Impact Assessments. Components of process:

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Screening = what activities should be subject to EIAs?

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Scoping = what impacts should be assessed in an EIA?

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Preparation of the EI statement (EIS).

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Public Participation.

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Ultimately deciding if project should proceed.

EU Framework.

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Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of environmental effects of projects (EAD). Passed under Art 191(1) TEU competence.

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Art 2(1) - MS adopt all measures necessary to ensure that, before they consent, projects likely to have significant effects on the enviro by virtue of nature, size or location are only made subject to some form of consent and an assessment of its effects.

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Art 3 - Generally the EIA will identify, describe and assess the direct and indirect effects on human, animal and plant life, natural enviro + cultural heritage.

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Art 1(2) - Project = the execution of construction works or of other installations or schemes AND other interventions in the natural surroundings and landscape including those involving the extraction of mineral resources.

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Aannemersbedriff - directive has wide scope and purpose; courts will return to ensuring projects likely to have significant impacts on the enviro will need EIA.

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Wells (2004) - Art2(1) also used in general application beyond scoping. Q of whether new set of conditions was a development consent. ECJ - where new conditions replace the very substance of the consent they will count as new consent.

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Commission v. UK (2006) - 2(1) also requires that whenever consent is given for something which likely to... there will be an EIA. Thus where there is a multi-stage development consent such as in the case of conditions being put onto development consent there must be an EIA at each point where the consent is given - e.g. where the auth eventually okies the development post conditions.

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Barker (2006) - outline planning permission for a large entertainment complex - doesn't matter when you consider doing an EIA (outline planning permission or for each individual project) so long as this complies with 2(1) likely to have a significant...

Screening (should we do one?):

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Art 4 - (2) need for EIA of projects listed in annex II to be determined case by case or by thresholds/criteria of MS or both. (3) Annex III selection criteria to be regarded either way. (4)Determination made by the competent authorities under (2) must be available to public. Annex I must have EIA (inc. nuclear power, motorways, etc.). Annex II lists projects which are, depending on circs, likely to have significant effect on enviro (e.g. agriculture, tourism).

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Aannemersbedriff - MS setting threshold for dyke size to extent that no dykes considered likely... has exceeded limits of discretion to fix threshold unless all those projects, viewed as a whole, can be regarded as not likely... All projects under threshold must be unlikely...

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Mellor (2009) - EIA must obviously be accompanied by info making it possible to see that it was based on adequate screening and that it complied with MS rules. Does not follow that the reasons for not giving an EIA must be included. But JR generally needs to have reasons so as to judge the legality of them. Thus under Directive no need to give reasons but if requested required under admin law.

Scoping (what effects should be considered?):

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Art 5(2) - MS must take all necessary measures to supply developer with opinion on which impacts to assess if requested.

Info Required in EIA:

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Art 5(1) - MS shall ensure developer supplies appropriate info specified in annex IV so far as they think it is relevant to the project. See annex (inc. description, alternatives...).

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