This is an extract of our Ip Rights Comparison Table A4 document, which we sell as part of our International Intellectual Property Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge And Oxilp And College Of Law students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our International Intellectual Property Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
What is protected?
New inventions and industrial processes
Confidenti al Informatio n
Owner is rewarded with the protection of an exclusive, monopoly right to use their invention for up to 20 years from the filing date. Gives owner the right to prevent others from making, using, importing or selling the invention without permission. This allows them to strike licensing deals or keep rivals at bay whilst they establish their brand. Protects the unauthorised disclosure of confidential info.
How is it obtained?
Registration required. Administered by Patents Office in UK. Patents typically take 2 to 3 years to be granted.
Invention must be new/novel, involve an inventive step and be capable of industrial application. Must not be within any exclusions Patent is granted in return for disclosing details of the invention to the whole world.
20 years from filing date.
Implied: Arises automatically. No registration is required. Protected by law of confidence. Express: By contract
Protected provided the info has the necessary quality of confidence about it and is disclosed in circ's importing an obligation of confidence.
Indefinite protection lasts as long as info is confidential. However nothing to stop competitors analysing your product to see how it's made. Lose protection if someone else discovers your secret -info is no longer confidential
Main source of law (UK) Patent Act 1977
Law of confidence/c ase law
Main international treaties You can protect your invention in many international jurisdictions by making an application under the Patent Cooperation Treaty, and making an application through WIPO or EPO.
International variations USA: 2 types of patent: utility patents - protects the functional aspects (similar to patents in other jurisdictions) &
design patents protects ornamental design of an article (similar to design right). Patent grant presumptive - burden is on the Patent Office to prove why a patent should not be granted.
Netherlands - not automatic for exemployee to have obligation of confidence in relation to employers sensitive info Italy - not very common to have post contractual obligations of confidence in employment contract France possibility of criminal sanction for breach.
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