Veterinary Medicine Notes > Universiti Putra Malaysia Veterinary Medicine Notes > Vitamins - Veterinary Biochemistry Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Vitamin notes, which we sell as part of the Vitamins - Veterinary Biochemistry Notes collection, a 80 package written at Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2013 that contains (approximately) 4 pages of notes across 1 different document.
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Active form/ Other names Retinol
- Plant&animal D3 (cholecalciferol)
Animal sources - fish liver oil, liver, meat, milk, butter, egg yolk Plant sources - yellow corn, alfalfa, tomatoes, carrots, green vegetables
Cured hay, fish liver oil, milk fat, egg yolk, irradiated yeast
Deficiencies related to animal confinement
Germ of cereal grains, egg yolk, oilseed oil, alfalfa, leafy green veg.
Deficiencies related to long feed storage,
+Se: important in prevention of white muscle disease, protect vital phospholipids from peroxidative damage
Green leafy plants, liver, Egg yolk, fish meal
Produced in the digestive system, Synthesised in rumen
- Regeneration of visual purple (rhodopsin)
- for normal epi.tissues and mucus membrane
- Growth &
- Bone remodeling
- Ca & P absorption
- Ca deposition in bones
- CHO storage in liver, cells
- protein excretion&
products thru kidney
-fat & CHO oxidation to supply energy
- Normal reproduction and hatchability
- Prothrombin formation for normal blood
Deficiency symptoms Night blindness, keratinization of epi, xeropthalmia (severe dryness&opacity of cornea), abnormal bone growth
Rickets, osteomalacia (softening of bones), decreased egg laying
Infertility in some sp. (embryo degeneration in rats,chicken &
ovarian failure in rats), skeletal muscular dystrophy (calves,chicks), encephalomalacia in chicks(can't walk/stand), liver necrosis Hemorrhages in various tissues, increase in
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