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Lippiatt v S Gloucestershire Council [1999] 4 All ER 149

By Oxbridge Law TeamUpdated 04/01/2024 07:04

Judgement for the case Lippiatt v S Gloucestershire Council

Table Of Contents

  • Defendant permitted travellers to live on its land which adjoined Plaintiff’s farm. With Defendant’s knowledge they often trespassed, stole and harmed Plaintiff’s sheep.

  • Plaintiff sued Defendant for nuisance.

  • CA reused to strike out Plaintiff’s claim and remitted it for trial.

    • It held that the owner-occupier of land could be liable in nuisance for the unlawful activities of his licensees or persons based on his land which took place off his land, where such nuisance consisted of repeated acts committed on the victim's land, to the owner-occupier's knowledge, and which interfered with the victim's use and enjoyment of his land.

Evans LJ

  • What is required, per Lord Goff/Lloyd in Hunter (concerning whether a tall building was capable of constituting interference) is some form of “emanation”, and there is no reason why this “emanation” could not be the travelers themselves. 

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It seems very artificial to describe thieves as an “emanation” in the same light as a seepage of chemicals or noise or smell, since it is not the people but their subsequent actions that cause the harm. However it seems a fair conclusion since the council knew of the problems but failed to take action, which is tantamount to authorisation. 

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1,070 total pages
843 purchased

Tort Law notes fully updated for recent exams at Oxford and Cambridge. ...