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Mussolini (From Prime Minister To Dictator Of Italy) Notes

History Notes > Origins and Developments of Authoritarian and Single party states Notes

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Tara

Subba

Mussolini:

Prime

Minister

to

Dictator

1922--8

Mussolini:

Prime

Minister

to

Dictator


1922--28


Information

Mussolini

was

appointed

Prime

Minister

in

October

1922

and

over

the

next

6

years

he

would:


SS? Increase

his

power

over

government,

parliament

and

the

Fascist

movement.


SS? Reform

election

law

to

guarantee

a

Fascist

majority

in

parliament.


SS? Create

a

dictatorship

(removing

free

election,

political

opposition

and

power

of

parliament).


Fascism


o Extreme

nationalism


o A

totalitarian

system

of

government


o One

party--state


Key

dates

Date

Event


Mussolini

appointed

Prime

Minister


Parliament

gave

Mussolini

the

right

to

rule

by

decree

for

12

months


Creation

of

the

Grand

Council

of

Fascism

strengthened

Mussolini's

control

of

Fascist


movement

1922
October


November


December

1923
January


July

Fascist

squads

turned

into

a

national

militia

Government

passed

the

Acerbo

Law,

changing

the

electoral

system

to

ensure

that

the

most

popular

party

was

guaranteed

a

majority

of

MPs

1924
April


June


July

First

general

election

with

Acerbo

Law

-

Fascist

majority

in

parliament


Murder

of

Matteotti,

a

leading

socialist

by

Fascist

thugs.


This

created

a

crisis

and

led

to

the

emergence

of

a

dictatorship


Press

censorship

introduced

1925
January


December

1926
January


Mussolini

announced

his

intentions

of

creating

a

dictatorship


Opposition

political

parties

banned

and

free

trade

unions

banned

Mussolini

gained

the

right

to

make

laws

without

needing

the

approval

of

Parliament

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