Reformation And Counter Reformation Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Reformation And Counter Reformation notes, which we sell as part of the Reformation to Revolution 1517-1789 Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at University Of Nottingham in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 8 different documents.
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Reformation And Counter Reformation Revision
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Reformation and Counter-Reformation Notes on the Reformation/Counter-Reformation:
The Reformation was initiated in 1517 by the publishing of Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses.
Reformers objected to the Catholic Church and the papacy that run it.
Preceded by earlier events such as the Black Death and the Western Schism which caused many people to lose faith in the established Catholic Church.
Reformation was ended by the Thirty Years War conclusion with the Treaty of Westphalia
Treaty of Westphalia: o
All parties would now recognise the Treaty of Augsburg
Right to practice faith in public during allotted times
Ended the Pope's pan-European power; his nullification of the treaty was ignored by sovereigns throughout Europe
Low literacy rates hindered the expansion of Protestantism
Impact of war on religious clergy
If a Protestant area was captured by Catholics, the clergy would be killed or exported and replaced with Catholic clerics
Language barrier when preaching
Vernacular prints and songs helped spread the reformers message
Comprised of four major elements: o
Foundation of seminaries for the proper training of priests in the spiritual life and theological traditions of the Church
New movement focused on devotional life and a personal relationship with Christ; Spanish mystics & French school of spirituality
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