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Reformation And Counter Reformation Notes

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HISTORY REVISION

Reformation and Counter-Reformation Notes on the Reformation/Counter-Reformation:
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The Reformation was initiated in 1517 by the publishing of Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses.

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Reformers objected to the Catholic Church and the papacy that run it.

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Preceded by earlier events such as the Black Death and the Western Schism which caused many people to lose faith in the established Catholic Church.

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Reformation was ended by the Thirty Years War conclusion with the Treaty of Westphalia

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Treaty of Westphalia: o

All parties would now recognise the Treaty of Augsburg

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Right to practice faith in public during allotted times

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Ended the Pope's pan-European power; his nullification of the treaty was ignored by sovereigns throughout Europe

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Low literacy rates hindered the expansion of Protestantism

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Impact of war on religious clergy

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If a Protestant area was captured by Catholics, the clergy would be killed or exported and replaced with Catholic clerics

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Language barrier when preaching

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Vernacular prints and songs helped spread the reformers message

Counter-Reformation
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Comprised of four major elements: o

Ecclesiastical reconfiguration

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Religious orders

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Jesuits

Spiritual movements

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Foundation of seminaries for the proper training of priests in the spiritual life and theological traditions of the Church

New movement focused on devotional life and a personal relationship with Christ; Spanish mystics & French school of spirituality

Political dimensions

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