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Nicole Mottier Gangs In Juárez Notes

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Nicole Mottier - Drug Gangs and Politics and Ciudad Juárez: 1928-1936 How did drug gangs affect politics, and politics affect drug gangs, in Juarez in this period?

Chihuahua state in 1928 was poor, having seen two decades of destruction and disruption following war and economic depression o But Juárez could fill the state's coffers, because of
 Prohibition in the USA: market for alcohol and gambling
 The drug trade The lack of jobs for a population that had escaped to the El Paso/Juárez area promoted growth in the informal sector, including trafficking o This was also stimulated by the increasing prohibition of narcotics, which generated a profitable black market in drug trading

The gangs
 The emergence of drug import laws in Mexico led traffickers to plant poppy fields in Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Chihuahua and Durango o Though opium was still being imported into Mexico well into the 20th Century o It's likely that gangs were also trading extensively in marijuana, but authorities did not track this since they 'spent the most time and money tracking big deals' (???)
 The gangs were divided into four loose tiers based on degrees of responsibility, authority, power and income o 1. Leaders, who were difficult to incarcerate because they could manipulate politics, police and the press
 In Juárez at this time, Fernández and La Nacha led the Fernández gang
 This gang invested in the city e.g. schools
 The Fernández gang benefited from their abstraction from politics - they were not associated with a corrupt and illegitimate establishment
 The Quevedo gang were led by brothers José and Jesús
 They were first and foremost politicians who occupied many local positions
 The Quevedos built their fortunes thanks to their political power, but did not enjoy continuous popularity whilst powerful - they

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