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Introduction To Legal Systems In The Uk Notes

Scots Law Notes > Scottish Legal System Notes

This is an extract of our Introduction To Legal Systems In The Uk document, which we sell as part of our Scottish Legal System Notes collection written by the top tier of The University Of Edinburgh students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Scottish Legal System Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

I.

Introduction to Legal Systems in the UK

What is law?
 The words of someone in authority who has the power to intervene in other people's affairs
 Imposes patterns of conduct on other people, and if they don't comply there are unpleasant consequences
 Law can compel conduct
 A lot of law simply provides opportunities to do things effectively
 A lot of law is unwritten, which is called custom or convention
 Law is always subject to change
UK legal systems and jurisdictions:
1- England and wales 2- Northern Ireland 3- Scotland
Scotland has a mixed legal system, with elements of both common and civil legal systems
Civil law
Based on Roman law
Codification of legislation
Constitutions

Types of law:
enacted civil law criminal law public law

Common law
Based on English law
Cases and adherence to precedent
No codification

Unenacted common law civil law private law

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