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LPC Law Notes Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes

Insider Dealing Crib Sheet Notes

Updated Insider Dealing Crib Sheet Notes

Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes

Public Companies and Equity Finance

Approximately 165 pages

A collection of the best LPC Equity Finance notes the director of Oxbridge Notes (an Oxford law graduate) could find after combing through twenty-nine LPC samples from outstanding students with the highest results in England and carefully evaluating each on accuracy, formatting, logical structure, spelling/grammar, conciseness and "wow-factor".

In short these are what we believe to be the strongest set of Equity Finance notes available in the UK this year. This collection of notes is fully upd...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Insider Dealing

  1. Rationale

    1. Lord Lane in Attorney-General’s Reference (No1 of 1988) – “the clear intention is to prevent, as far as possible, what amounts to cheating when those with inside knowledge use that knowledge to make a profit in their dealings with other”

      1. A company cannot commit the offence directly

  2. Offences

    1. Primary Offence

      1. 52(1) CJA 1993 an individual who has inside information as an insider deals in securities that are price-affected securities in relation to the information and the dealing occurs on a regulated market

        1. 60(1) defines a regulated market by referring to the Insider Dealing (Securities and Regulated Markets) Order 1994

          1. Regulated market includes the Main Market and AIM

        2. 54(1)(a) Securities are those which fall within Schedule 2 CJA

          1. INCLUDES SHARES

        3. 56(2) Securities are price affected securities in relation to inside information and inside information is “price sensitive information” in relation to securities if the information would, if made public, be likely to have a significant effect on the price of the securities

    2. Secondary Offences

      1. 52(2)(a) CJA 1993 an individual who has inside information as an insider encourages another person to deal in securities that are price affected securities in relation to that information knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that they would deal in them

      2. 52(2)(b) CJA 1993 an individual discloses the information, otherwise than in the proper performance of the function of his employment, office or profession to another person

  3. What is inside information?

    1. 56 CJA 1993 inside information is information which

      1. Relates to particular securities or to a particular issuer of securities

        1. Includes information which may affect a company’s prospects

        2. 60(2) an issuer means any company by which securities have been or are to be issued

          1. 60(3)(a) a company means any body which is not a public sector body

      2. Is specific or precise

      3. Has not been made public

        1. 58(2) information is made public if

          1. It is published in accordance with the rules of a regulated market for the purpose of informing investors and their professional advisers

          2. It is contained in records which by virtue of any enactment are open to inspection by the public

          3. It can be readily acquired by those likely to deal in any securities to which the information relates or of an issuer to which the information relates

          4. It is derived from information which has been made public

      4. If it were made public, it would be likely to have a significant effect on the price of any securities

  4. Who is an insider?

    1. 57(1) CJA 1993 a person has information as an insider if

      1. He knows it is inside information; and

      2. He has it from an inside source

        1. 57(2) a person has information from an inside source if he has it through being a director, employee or shareholder of an issuer of securities or having access to the information through his employment, office or profession, or the source of his information falls within one of these categories

  5. 52(1) CJA 2003 The Dealing Offence

    1. 55(1) dealing is widely defined and includes

      1. Acquiring or disposing of securities

      2. Any agreement to acquire securities

      3. Any agreement to create securities whether as a principal or agent

      4. Procuring directly or indirectly an acquisition or disposal by another person

        1. Does not matter if someone “deals” through a broker

          1. Broker may also be guilty of insider dealing depending on his state of knowledge that the information was inside information

    2. 59(1) a professional intermediary is a person who carries on a business of acquiring or disposing of securities or who otherwise acts as a professional intermediary between persons taking part in any dealing in securities

      1. 59(3) a person will not be treated as carrying on a business consisting of an activity mentioned in 59(2) if the activity is merely incidental to some other activity not falling within 59(2) or merely because he occasionally conducts one of those activities

    3. 62(1) A person is not guilty of the dealing offence unless he was...

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