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Is a Prospectus Required?
Questions on what advice to give a company concerning the distribution of its shares to the public that may result from its proposed offering of new shares 1) 85(1) FSMA An approved prospectus is required if there is an offer of transferable securities to the public in the UK (it is unlawful for transferable securities to be offered to the public in the UK without an approved prospectus) a. 103(1) offer of transferable securities to the public has the same meaning as in 102B FSMA a.i. 102B(1) there will be an offer if there is communication to any person which presents sufficient information on the securities to be offered and their terms, to enable an investor to decide to buy or subscribe for those securities a.i.1.a. 102B(3) the communication may be made in any forms and by any means a.i.1.a.i. A FLOATATION BY WAY OF AN OFFER FOR SUBSCRIPTION AND/OR SALE, PLACING OR INTERMEDIARIES WILL FULFIL THIS CRITERION b. 102A(3) refers to MiFID which at Art 4(1)(18)(b) details that transferable securities includes shares b.i. Schedule 11 FSMA lists exempt securities b.i.1. ORDINARY SHARES WILL NEVER BE EXEMPT c. 102B(2) an offer made to a person in the UK is made to the public in the UK c.i. LR Appendix 1.1 defines a placing as not constituting a public offer d. 85(7) a prospectus needs to be approved by a competent authority (72 FSMA) d.i. 1(1) FSMA Competent authority is defined as the FSA 2) EXEMPTIONS a. 86(1)(a) Offer to qualified investors a.i. Investors defined in 86(7) FSMA which refers to Art 2.1(e) PD and those entered on a register in accordance with 87R FSMA and PR 5.4 a.ii. APPLY TO FACTS - IS THE OFFER TO THE PUBLIC AT LARGE?
b. 86(1)(b) Offers to fewer than 150 persons in each EEA State b.i. APPLY TO FACTS - IS THE OFFER TO THE PUBLIC AT LARGE?
c. 86(1)(c) & (d) Offers involving significant investment by each investor c.i. Applies where each investor invests a minimum of 50,000 Euros c.i.1. Increased to 100,000 Euros by Directive 2010/73/EU by 1 July 2012 d. 86(1)(e) Small offers d.i. Exempts offers where total consideration cannot exceed 100,000 Euros d.ii. 85(5)(a) exempts offers where total consideration is less than 5 million Euros e. PR 1.2.2R(1) Share swaps e.i. No increase in share capital f. PR 1.2.2R(2) & (3) Offers in conjunction with takeovers or mergers f.i. Document equivalent to a prospectus is required f.i.1. Listing particulars g. PR 1.2.2R(4) Bonus issue and scrip dividends of class shares already listed g.i. Document available with basic information h. PR 1.2.2R(5) Offers by listed companies to employees and/or directors 3) Mini conclusion a. Is a prospectus needed on the facts?
4) 85(2) FSMA An approved prospectus is required if there is a request for admission of transferable securities to trading on a regulated market in the UK (it is unlawful to request admission of transferable securities to trading on a regulated market operating in the UK without an approved prospectus) a. 103(1) FSMA refers to a MiFID for a definition of regulated market
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