This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Potential Liabilities Relating To Share Issues notes, which we sell as part of the Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes collection, a Distinction package written at Multiple Institutions in 2013 that contains (approximately) 165 page of notes across 52 different document.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
3. Potential liabilities relating to share issues a. Financial Promotions with reference to FSMA and the FPO s. 21 FMSA
General prohibition on all types of investment activity but does not apply if falls within any of the
exemptions set out in FPO or if A is authorized person or content approved by authorized person Applies to communication sin UK and communications originating outside but capable of having
affect in UK "communication" = telephone, email, meetings, presentations, websites, radio, TV, etc.. "invitation" = includes invitation to treat so inviting someone to enter into investment agreement would be invitation, e.g. prospectus with application form attached
"inducement" = FCA Guidance says depends on context and reasonable person, must contain an objective element of "persuasion or incitement". Exemptions (s 21(5) FSMA empowers FPO) Articles Communications made to persons sufficiently expert to understand the risks involved, eg 19,47,49
Professional investors (Art 19)
Substantial companies (Art 49)
Article 48 FPO
* Financial press (Art 47) Cert High Net Worth Individuals (unlisted companies only): Aims to cover communications betwee
Article 50 FPO
new companies and rich individuals wishing to invest in new enterprises Sophisticated Investors, i.e persons certified by an authorized person as being sufficiently
Article 62 FPO
knowledge to understand risks Communication relating to transaction to acquire or dispose of controlling shares of a company or acquire or dispose of shares which when aggregated take total shareholdings to a level which
Article 70 FPO
amounts to a controlling interest. Non-real time communications included in a prospectus or supplementary prospectus or "any othe
Article 71 FPO
document required or permitted to be published by...prospectus rules under part VI of the Act Limited non-real time communications relating to a prospectus or supplementary prospectuses
offering transferable securities (listed or unlisted) (Reference to a "public offer of unlisted securitie in heading is misleading) Consequences if breach FSMA s. 25 FSMA s. 30 Unenforceability of agreements resulting from unlawful communications and entitlement to FSMA s 137S
recovery unless court thinks it's just to enforce (subs (4)) If an FCA authorized person has made communication or has appropsed communication which FCA considers would be likely to breach fin promotion rules, regulator can make a direction
FSMA s. 400
under this section to require authorized person to inter alia withdraw communication Offences by bodies corporate under this Act
b. The Advertisement Regime in the Prospectus Rules
Who do rules apply to? An advertisement must not be issued if rules apply unless conditions satisfied, and anyways information disclosed must be consistent with prospectus
****************************End Of Sample*****************************
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Public Companies and Equity Finance Notes.