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Insurance Contract Terms Notes

LPC Law Notes > Insurance Law Notes

This is an extract of our Insurance Contract Terms document, which we sell as part of our Insurance Law Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge And Oxilp And College Of Law students.

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Insurance Contract Terms Categories of Insurance Terms 1) Terms that define the insurance cover - Defines whether or not what has happened is within the cover of the policy; i.e. insured interest, SM, insured period and insured risk via conditions precedent, suspensive conditions, warranties and exclusions and condition subsequent. 2) Terms that limit the insurance indemnity - Claim deductibles, policy limits, sum insured and policy excesses. 3) Terms that simply impose obligations - General terms = damages for breach and mere conditions. 4) Terms that make the indemnity subject to conditions - The insurer having to pay out indemnity is made subject to conditions. E.g. Claims compliance, fraud and waiver/estoppel.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Terms that Define Insurance Cover Rationale: This categorisation relates to whether or not claims will be paid at all, not to the claim's value. 1) Condition Precedent - For a particular claim: UWs agree to indemnify but only in the event that certain specific things happen. A claim may be subject to compliance with a particular condition precedent so, if that is not complied with, UWs are released from liability for payment of that particular claim, but must still pay other claims if there is compliance. Consequences of failing to comply with a condition precedent must be clear:Re Bradley; Held that a clause in a liability policy was not a condition precedent as to indemnity. This is because in the case of ambiguity / doubt a clause is construed against the insurer.The Zeus V; It is possible to have a condition precedent as to whether the insurance contract comes into place at all. UWs had agreed to insure a yacht subject to an acceptance survey that was never done. Had to be performed before the contract comes into existence.

2) Suspensive Condition - Provides that UWs' cover will be suspended in the event that the particular circumstances they expect to prevail during the insurance period do not. Insurer may have their liability suspended for such period that the insured is conducting activities they are not covered for. Once the insured stops undertaking their prohibited activities the insurance cover comes into effect again.Farr; The insured owned two taxis. It was agreed that each would only be used for one 12 hour shift in every 24 hour period. One taxi broke so the insured used the other taxi all the time the other taxi was being prepared. It was held this was a suspensive condition - insurance was suspensive for the period the insured was in breach. As the insured's proposal statement was merely descriptive of the risk, it was not a warranty.


ICC (Air) Clause 6: Insurance continues during the 'ordinary course of transit'. Cover is withdrawn when not.

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