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Third Parties And Consumer Regulation Notes

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This is an extract of our Third Parties And Consumer Regulation document, which we sell as part of our Insurance Law Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge And Oxilp And College Of Law students.

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Third Party Rights 1930 and 1999 Acts - most important thing is that anyone with a third party claim against an insured having liability insurance for that claim can potentially assert rights under the 1930 Act if the insured goes insolvent. Risk Declarations Contracts of insurance are contracts where 3rd parties may often have a right to claim the benefit of the contract that has been agreed between the UWs on one side and the insured policy holder. (i)

Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999: Assists a 3rd party in claiming protection under an insurance when the policy holder insures a group of people with rights to sue. Where a policy provides that some 3rd party may expressly benefit, then that 3rd party can take advantage of the rights the contract provides to it, even though it was not a contracting party to the contract. S.1 applies to equally to insurance contracts.

= The policy seems to give third parties the benefit of the contract and there was an intention when the contract was placed that third parties should have that benefit. The extent of the act is unlimited in practice so it is frequently excluded by insurers. This does not affect the ability of someone to claim under agency principles - normal to claim under agency...although there is an odd circumstance when you cannot claim under agency but you can claim under the act; i.e. insolvency.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------These acts provide for a statutory transfer of the insurance claim from the insured to the 3rd party claimant. So the 3rd party claimant acquires the rights under the insurance contract, subject to the Ts&Cs of the insurance contract. (ii)

Third Parties (Rights Against Insurers) Act 1930: In force. You have a statutory trust which is created in favour of the 3rd party who wants to sue the insured, when the insured becomes insolvent.

Then the beneficiary of the statutory assignment (injured third party - means any third party who has a claim in contract or in tort as against the insured - maybe the beneficiary) take rights to assign subject to the same rights and obs that the original insured had over the policy. If the original insured had failed to do something, as a result of which the insurance became invalid, it would be invalid also for the third party. Occurs when you are claiming against an insured for breach of liability and they go bust. You have a statutory transfer of the contractual right from the party causing the damage, to the party suffering.
*Under 1930 Act a third party cannot step into the shoes of a bankrupt insured and must rely on his complying with the insurance policy obs, whereas under the 2010 Act the third party can step into the bankrupt's shoes and perform his obs. The 1930 Act is in force and provides for the statutory transfer of the right to indemnity as from the ascertainment of the liability against an insured in liquidation (i.e. on insolvency following determination and ascertainment of the insured's liability to the third party claimant (s.1(1)(b) 1930 Act). 2010 Act not expected to be in force until 2014. The 1930 Act does not prohibit a clause that requires the insured to pay third party liabilities as precondition/CP to UWs having indemnity, whilst the 2010 Act prohibits such a clause (s.9(6)), aside from

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