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Insured Risks And Perils Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Insured Risks And Perils notes, which we sell as part of the Insurance Law Notes collection, a Distinction package written at Multiple Institutions in 2013 that contains (approximately) 51 pages of notes across 14 different documents.

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Insured Risks And Perils Revision

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Insured Risks / Perils Fortuity What? Concept at the heart of insurance. Insurers will only pay out for a claim where the insured's loss was caused by an insured risk. These insured risks will be listed in the policy. An insurance contract is one of speculation (i.e. chance). It is based on whether or not (or when) a loss will occur. Chance must be involved. Test: The key issue is whether the insured risk caused the loss, or whether the loss was bound to happen?
The onus is on the insured to prove: the occurrence of the insured risk; and that the insured risk caused the loss suffered.

Objective test (absolute): Is the risk objectively bound to happen? If the loss is caused by a fortuitous event then it might be one of the insured risks.

Subjective test (relative): Must look within the context of the particular insurance policy. Did the UWs intend to underwrite the policy knowing that risk?


Syarikat; The issue of what percentage chance of something happening makes it 'bound to happen' was discussed.

Defined Benefit: The concept of fortuity applies to this too. When somebody will die has an element of fortuity.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Generic Risks What? A large category of risks; e.g. 'all risks', 'contractual liability' or 'perils of the sea'. For this type of risk the insured must prove: 1) One of the risks in the category caused the loss - would that loss have happened but for a generic peril?
2) The loss was caused by some fortuity to the SM insured and not bound to happen; and 3) Not caused by a deliberate act of the insured to cause the damage; and 4) Not excluded by the policy.
= Once the insured proves the loss falls within 'all risks' then the burden switches to the underwriter to prove that the risk is a specific, excluded peril to prevent their liability to pay.

British and Foreign Marine; Once a fortuitous event has been proved that caused loss within an 'all risks' policy, then the burden switches to the underwriter to prove / identify a specific excluded peril.


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