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Risk Declaration Notes

LPC Law Notes > Insurance Law Notes

This is an extract of our Risk Declaration document, which we sell as part of our Insurance Law Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge And Oxilp And College Of Law students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Insurance Law Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Risk Declaration Key Issue Insurance terms in an open cover arrangement making provision for risk and claim attachment; i.e. how to attach either different SMs or different insureds to the policy so they are covered by insurance and UWs are obliged to indemnify. E.g. If you have a policy providing blanket cover against loss / damage for the worldwide shipment of goods, each time you send a consignment, that consignment needs to attach to the policy. E.g. If you insure someone against their liabilities for a year you must consider how the particular liability they incur attaches to the policy.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Insurance Facilities - Types of Cover 1) Facultative / Facultative: Optional arrangement - no obligation on either party. It is a facility and does not actually insure / create an insurance policy. Here an UW may agree in principle that they would give insurance, so as and when the insured wants to get insurance cover they contact the insurer. There is a discretion for the insured to declare a particular risk to an UW and the UW has discretion whether or not to accept the risk, as no deposit paid by the insured. 2) Facultative / Obligatory: Similar to the above, except the obligation is on the insurer. Here the insured is not obliged to declare risks to the UW / refer the risk to the UW to obtain insurance. But if the insured does not ask the UWs for an insurance arrangement, the insurer is obliged to give the insurance previously agreed. The declaration of the risk is essential to the attachment of the declared interest to the SM insured. E.g. It is common in reinsurance where the reinsured essentially has a contractual option which he can exercise by referring the risk to the reinsurer and binding him to cover that risk. Not common at the primary level. 3) Obligatory / Facultative: Obligation is on the insured. The insured is obliged to give the insurer the first option to insure, but it is facultative on the part of the insurer who can decide whether or not to accept the risk. 4) Obligatory / Obligatory: An open cover facility where the insured has agreed to declare risks to the insurer and the UW has an obligation to insure those risks under the open cover arrangement. A declaration is not necessary for the attachment of the risk as there is a pre-arranged agreement to accept them, but it enables the insurer to calculate their premium. The open cover itself contains a binding mechanism which enables all risks to attach to the policy and obliges the UW to underwrite those risks in full. Formation of the insurance contract will pre-date the declaration of the risk; i.e. a floating policy (s.29 MIA).

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