Medicine Notes > Bristol University Medicine Notes > Clinical Cardiology Notes

Heart Failure Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 5 page long Heart Failure notes, which we sell as part of the Clinical Cardiology Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at Bristol University in 2014 that contains (approximately) 39 pages of notes across 18 different documents.

Learn more about our Clinical Cardiology Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

Heart Failure Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Clinical Cardiology Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

Heart Failure
    Definition o Result of structural/functional cardiac disorder= CO inadequate o 2/1000 (UK); 1-3% (10% elderly); Poor prognosis 25-50% die <5yrs o Initially adaptive mechanisms compensate=maintain CO (AT REST) o Eventually cardiac function declines=
more severe=
    Pathophysiology Changes heart & peripheral vascular result of haemodynamic changes o Ventricular dilatation o Myocyte hypertrophy o Increased collagen synthesis o Altered myosin gene expression o Altered sarcoplasmic Ca-ATPase density o Increased ANP secretion o Salt and water retention
 Activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system= Loss of beneficial compensatory mechanisms-->
Cardiac decompensation o Peripheral vasoconstriction (r-a-a--> Cardiac decompensation) o Sympathetic stimulation
    Development of CHF following IHD

    Chronic effects of CHF

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Clinical Cardiology Notes.