History Notes > University Of Nottingham History Notes > Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes

The New Imperialism Of The 19 Century Revision Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long The New Imperialism Of The 19 Century Revision notes, which we sell as part of the Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at University Of Nottingham in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 7 different documents.

Learn more about our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

The New Imperialism Of The 19 Century Revision Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

HISTORY REVISION

The New Imperialism of the 19th Century New Imperialism:
-

'New Imperialism' refers to the policy of colonial expansion adopted by Europe's powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries

-

Distinguished by an unprecedented pursuit of territory overseas

-

Countries focused on building their empire with new technological advances and developments, making their country bigger through conquest, and exploiting their new resources

-

After the repeal of the Corn Laws the UK began to adopt and pursue the concept of free trade

-

During the Congress of Vienna and the end of the Franco-Prussian war the Industrial Revolution in Britain allowed it to reap the benefits of being the only modern industrial power in the world

The Berlin Conference:
-

1884-85

-

Attempted to regulate colonial competition between European powers by defining 'effective occupation' as the internationally recognised technique of expansion o

-

Specifically in Africa

Made it easier for Germany to participate in colonisation

Social implications of New Imperialism:
-

"Take up the White Man's burden" o o

-

Bringing European civilisation to the other peoples of the world, regardless of whether these indigenous cultures desired this civilisation or not Exemplifies British colonisation

Emergence of Social Darwinism throughout Western Europe and the USA o

-

Ideology applying the principles of Darwinism (natural selection, survival of the fittest) to sociology and politics, with the assumption that conflict between groups in society leads to social progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones

The use of Jingoism o

Extreme patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy

o

Used to gain support of a majority of the working class

o

Promoted jingoism in the Spanish-American war, the Second Boer War and the Boxer Rebellion

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes.