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Infections And Antibiotics Notes

Medicine Notes > Medical Finals & OSCEs Notes

This is an extract of our Infections And Antibiotics document, which we sell as part of our Medical Finals & OSCEs Notes collection written by the top tier of Oxford University students.

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Infections and Antibiotics Infection

Microorganis m

Antibiotic first-line

If allergic

If severe

Cellulitis

Strep pyogenes, staph aureus

Flucloxacillin

Ceftriaxone

Ceftriazone, clarithromycin

Staph aureus toxins

Erythromycin

Herpes simplex

Topical acyclovir

Herpes zoster

Oral acyclovir

HPV

Imiquimod cream

Scalded skin syndrome

Wart Tinea Thrush

Clarithromyci n cephalosporin

Imidazole Candida

Nystatin in mouth Imidazole in vagina

Scabies

Sarcoptes mite

Permethrin

COPD Exacerbation

Coamoxiclav

doxycycline

Coamoxiclav + ceftriaxone or moxifloxacin

Pneumonia

Amoxicillin

Doxycycline or clarithromycin

Coamoxiclav +
clarithromycin

Septic shock, not neutropaenic

IV coamoxiclav Ceftriaxone or
+ gentamicin ciproflaxin +
gentamicin

Septic shock, neutropaenic

IV tazocin +
gentamicin

Meningitis (Meningococcus, pneumococcus, haemophilus influenza B, Listeria, TB, Lyme disease, syphilis, viral (mups, EBV, HIV), Cryptococcus) Meningitis suspected Sickle cell crisis

IV tazocin +
gentamicin

Meropenem

Amphotericin and ganciclovir

IV ceftriaxone Add amoxicillin if Listeria. Give dexamethasone with the first dose of antibiotics

IM/IV benzypenicillin one-off Infection

Cephalosporins + macrolides until cultures known

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