A more recent version of these Privilege Against Self Incrimination notes – written by City Law School students – is available here.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our BPTC Civil Ligitation Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF- INCRIMINATIONUnder the privilege no person is obliged to reveal a fact if doing so renders it reasonably likely that proceedings will be commenced that expose him to the risk of any criminal (NOT CIVIL liability or criminal liability under foreign law but can extent to penalties under EC law) charge or sanctionR v Boyes: the risk of prosecution and punishment must be real and appreciable with reference to the ordinary operation of the law in the ordinary course of things not a danger if an imaginary and unsubstantial character.
?Therefore the evidence must create the risk of incrimination. If there is already strong evidence against the witness on the matter to which the privilege is said to relate, the privilege will not apply. Also, if the risk can be avoided the privilege will not apply.
?The court must decide if such a danger exists, but doubt will be resolved in favour of the party or W. the objection must be taken personally by W on oath.The privilege extends not only to the evidence that the person might give but to documents, items or information that the person is requested to provide during proceedings.
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our BPTC Civil Ligitation Notes.