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Law Notes Contract Law Notes

Unreasonable Terms Notes

Updated Unreasonable Terms Notes

Contract Law Notes

Contract Law

Approximately 1511 pages

From the AuthorContract law notes fully updated for recent exams at Oxford and Cambridge. These notes cover all the LLB contract law cases and so are perfect for anyone doing an LLB in the UK or a great supplement for those doing LLBs abroad, whether that be in Ireland, Hong Kong or Malaysia (University of London).

These were the best Contract Law notes the director of Oxbridge Notes (an Oxford law graduate) could find after combing through dozens of LLB samples from outstanding law students ...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Contract Law Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Unfair Contract Terms Act (UCTA) 1977

s.1 (1) Negligence here = breach of a contractual obligation to use reasonable care or breach of common law duty or duty under occupiers’ liability act. (2) ss.2-7 only apply to things done in the course of business, except in s.6.

s.2 (1) A person cannot exclude or restrict liability for personal injury arising from negligence, and (2) can only do so for other damage if it satisfies ‘reasonableness’ requirement. (3) A person’s agreement/awareness of any such risk does NOT indicate voluntary acceptance of risk by him.

s.3 (1) When one party deals ‘as a consumer’ OR on the other party’s standard terms, (2) the other party can’t restrict/exclude his own liability for breach or be entitled to render substantially different performance to what was reasonably expected or non-performance, except insofar as is ‘reasonable’.

s.4 A person dealing as a consumer can’t be made to indemnify someone (even if that someone is a party to the contract) for breach of contract or negligence, unless its reasonable.

S.5 covers manufacturers’ guarantees so that, where legally binding, the manufacturer cant restrict liability for damage caused through defective goods that occur as a result of its negligence

s.6 Liability for breach from statutes re seller’s implied undertakings to title (s.12 Sale of goods act) or re ss.13-15 sale of goods act or re hire purchase goods corresponding to description under hire-purchase agreements, cannot be excluded against a person dealing as a consumer, and can only be excluded in relation to other parties insofar as is reasonable.

s.11 ‘Reasonableness’ = the term shall be a fair and reasonable one, having regard to the circumstances which were or ought to have been known to the parties when the contract was made. (4) Where D restricts his liability to a set amount of money, reasonableness depends on the resources he could expect to be available to him to meet liability should it arise, and how far it is open to him to cover himself through insurance. (5) Burden of showing reasonableness is on party claiming it. Schedule 2 gives guidance on reasonableness: Takes into account, (in)equality of bargaining positions; whether customer had opportunity to contract with another supplier who didn’t insist on such terms or received inducement to agree to the term; whether customer knew or ought to have know the extent of the term e.g. through course of dealing; whether, if the clause...

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