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LPC Law Notes International Commercial Law Notes

Brussels I Rome I Notes

Updated Brussels I Rome I Notes

International Commercial Law Notes

International Commercial Law

Approximately 179 pages

A collection of the best notes for new University of Law module 'International Commercial Law' the director of Oxbridge Notes (an Oxford law graduate) could find after combing through dozens of LPC samples from outstanding students with the highest results in England and carefully evaluating each on accuracy, formatting, logical structure, spelling/grammar, conciseness and "wow-factor".

In short, these are what we believe to be the strongest set of International Commercial Law notes available...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our International Commercial Law Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:


BASIC RULE = Defendant is sued in the courts of his home country unless an Exception applies:

Exceptions = Contracts,


situation where the Defendant has a local branch office,

real property,


intellectual property rights (IP),


Consumer contracts, and Employment matters

By Art.23 Basic Rule CAN be contracted out


Art.5(1)(a) Contract: if dispute is a contract matter then, there is an option of suing D in the MS where the contract should have been performed

Art.5(1)(b) Sales of Goods Contract: it is presumed that “place of performance of the obligation in question” is the MS where the goods were delivered or should have been delivered.

Art.5(3) Tort: D may be sued in the courts of MS where the harmful event occurred or may occur

Art.5(5) Branch Office: if D has a branch or office in another MS D may be sued there if dispute arises out of the operations of that branch or office.

By Art.23 Special Jurisdiction CAN be contracted out

EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION: OVERRIDES the Basic Rule and Special Jurisdiction

Art. 2 Land: The MS where the land is situated has exclusive jurisdiction

Art. 2 Constitution or Dissolution of Co.’s: The MS where the Co. has it seat (i.e. Reg Office)

Art. 2 IP Rights: registration or validity of IP rights, MS where rights are registered or applied for

By Art.23 Exclusive Jurisdiction CANNOT be contracted out


Art. 15 to 17 Weak party can only be sued in his own courts

Art. 15 to 17 Weak party can chose the court where it will sue the other party

Applies to INTERNET consumer (i.e. internet seller can be sued anywhere)

By Art.23 CAN be contracted out


By Art.21 Court first involved in proceedings will generally have jurisdiction unless it declines

By Art.27 & 28 Judgements obtained in MS must be recognised and enforced

ELECTROSTEEL Europe SA v Edil Centro

the reference was made to obtain the correct interpretation of the expression ‘place...

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