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Background Eu Law Notes

GDL Law Notes > GDL EU Law Notes

This is an extract of our Background Eu Law document, which we sell as part of our GDL EU Law Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge/Bpp/College Of Law students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our GDL EU Law Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

BACKGROUND EU LAW

History

1957: EEC established under Treaty of Rome (inc. four freedoms)
o 1973: UK, Ireland Denmark Join.
o 1980s: Southern and Iberian Additions

1987: Single European Act (SEA), first major treaty amendment. Internal market priority

1992: Maastricht Treaty expanded competence in monetary,
foreign, and security policy. Became EC not EEC.
o 1999: Treaty of Amsterdam.
o 2003: Treaty of Nice

2004: Big bang with 10 additions.
o 2007: Lisbon Treaty repackaged Treaty Establishing a
Constitution for Europe (2001), set out TEU and TEFU
Institutions:
o European Council: Heads of State or of Governments of
Member States meets to discuss direction of EC.
o Council of Europe/Council of Ministers: Council consists of ministers of member states. Qualified majority voting.
o European Commission: represents interests of the union. 28 independent members nominated my MSs. Proposes and implements legislation.
o European Parliament: 751 seats (not population proportional)
o The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and
Security Policy: conducts EU common foreign and security policy

The Economic and Social Committee (ECOSOC): Advisory body intended to represent various sectional interests

The Committee of the Regions: Advisory body representing regional and local interests.
Policies

Core Policies:
 Creating the Common/Internal Market; removing barriers to free movement
 Regulating the internal market
 Competition (anti-trust) law (Articles 101-109 TFEU)
o Peripheral Policies:
 Social, Environmental… Policies (see e.g. Articles 151161 TFEU and 191-193 EC)
o Common European Policies
 Agriculture (Articles 38-44 TFEU), Fisheries, Transport

Other policies besides.
Principles of EU Action:
o The Principle of Conferral/Limited Competence (Art 5(2)
TEU)

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