History And Economics Notes > London School Of Economics And Political Science History And Economics Notes > Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes
3 Silk Sector Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long 3 Silk Sector notes, which we sell as part of the Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes collection, a Upper 2.1 package written at London School Of Economics And Political Science in 2012 that contains (approximately) 216 pages of notes across 82 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
3 Silk Sector Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Silk and Sericulture Silk Sector in China
• Most important export commodity for China and Japan o France and Italy → silk cloth production
• Historically the technology transfer was towards Europe
• Hand-reeled silk persisted in China despite partial transfer of European technology o Higher transaction costs o High learning effort o High capital investment required o Centralization required institutional and social changes o Labour was cheap in East Asia anyway
• Fundamental change only occurred after Sino-Japanese War
European Technology Transfer
• Four new features from Southern Europe o Rigid-axis and cogwheel to more efficiently drive the belt adopted from China o Additional twisting mechanism to cross silk threads dry o Centralized steam boiler o Mechanization
• Uniformity of European style silk o Demanded higher price
Silk Sector in Japan
• Meiji government promoted industrialization o Promoted standardization movement of cocoon varieties
• After 1900s began to deprive China of the raw-silk export market o Has a traditional Zaguri raw-silk production system before Meiji
• 1500 water or steam powered filatures by 1895 and rapid diffusion of the filature system
• Firth's hypothesis on the time-sequence of adaptations in transplanting foreign culture (inc. tech.): o Acceptance of new foreign tech proceeds organizations, institutions and beliefs
• A 1/3rd cheaper than European silk
• By 1930s, exports were 3x that of China
1. Ewo Filature
• First Western-style, steam-powered, silk-reeling factory, began 1860 in Shanghai
****************************End Of Sample*****************************
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes.