Someone recently bought our

students are currently browsing our notes.

X

3 Silk Sector Notes

History And Economics Notes > Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes

This is an extract of our 3 Silk Sector document, which we sell as part of our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes collection written by the top tier of London School Of Economics And Political Science students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Silk and Sericulture Silk Sector in China

*

Most important export commodity for China and Japan o France and Italy - silk cloth production

*

Historically the technology transfer was towards Europe

*

Hand-reeled silk persisted in China despite partial transfer of European technology o Higher transaction costs o High learning effort o High capital investment required o Centralization required institutional and social changes o Labour was cheap in East Asia anyway

*

Fundamental change only occurred after Sino-Japanese War

European Technology Transfer

*

Four new features from Southern Europe o Rigid-axis and cogwheel to more efficiently drive the belt adopted from China o Additional twisting mechanism to cross silk threads dry o Centralized steam boiler o Mechanization

*

Uniformity of European style silk o Demanded higher price

Silk Sector in Japan

*

Meiji government promoted industrialization o Promoted standardization movement of cocoon varieties

*

After 1900s began to deprive China of the raw-silk export market o Has a traditional Zaguri raw-silk production system before Meiji

*

1500 water or steam powered filatures by 1895 and rapid diffusion of the filature system

*

Firth's hypothesis on the time-sequence of adaptations in transplanting foreign culture (inc. tech.): o Acceptance of new foreign tech proceeds organizations, institutions and beliefs

*

A 1/3rd cheaper than European silk

*

By 1930s, exports were 3x that of China

Case Studies

1. Ewo Filature

*
First Western-style, steam-powered, silk-reeling factory, began 1860 in Shanghai

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes.