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Week 3 Reading Maddison Chapter 2 Notes

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Week 3 Reading Maddison Chapter 2 Revision

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EH207 Topic 3: Reading - Maddison - Chinese Economic Performance in the LongRun - Chapter 2

Topic 3: Reading - Maddison - Chinese Economic Performance in the Long-Run - Chapter 2 Introduction

Population more than doubled from 1700 to 1820 to 381 million o Twice as fast as Europe o 8x as fast as Japan o Accommodated by fall in living standards o Chinese GDP grew faster than Europe National territory under Imperial control doubled o In order to prevent "barbarian intrusions" o So-called periphery regions (Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria) "Nineteenth century was a dismal contrast" o Internal rebellions o Yellow River not maintained
 Silting up of Grand Canal


Could no longer be used to supply grain to Peking (Beijing)
 Dramatic change in course in 1852-1855 o By end of 19th Century, population hadn't grown, and per-capita income "almost certainly [was] lower" o United States took over as largest economy

The Disintegration of the Imperial Regime

Foreign challenges from 1840s onwards o Coastal defenses had been neglected o No naval forces or modern artillery o Psychologically and intellectually unable to respond Little interest in foreign trade "No knowledge of Western geography and technology" Britain built up opium market in China to pay for tea from Canton o Imports of opium were illegal, but officials were lax o China responded too late, with official seizures in 1839
 Britain provoked war
 Treaty of Nanking -> Ceded Hong Kong Island in 1842


Opened up treaty ports to Britain Had to export silver to meet a deficit o Previously had inflows 92 treaty ports by 1917

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