Someone recently bought our

students are currently browsing our notes.

X

Week 5 Reading – Transplantation Of The European Factory System And Adaptations In Japan Notes

History And Economics Notes > Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes

This is an extract of our Week 5 Reading – Transplantation Of The European Factory System And Adaptations In Japan document, which we sell as part of our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes collection written by the top tier of London School Of Economics And Political Science students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

EH207: Topic 5 - Reading - Transplantation of the European Factory System and Adaptations in Japan: The Experience of the Tomioka Model Filature - Kiyokawa

Topic 5 - Reading - Transplantation of the European Factory System and Adaptations in Japan: The Experience of the Tomioka Model Filature - Kiyokawa The Significance of a Government Model Factory: Our Problem

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Was the first real steam filature in Japan - 1872 Government controlled training factory Designed to improve quality of Japanese raw silk o As it was the most important export in the early Meiji period Faced difficulties in producing Western construction materials o Indigenous techniques and raw materials Meiji government had only recently (a few years back), adopted the open-door policy o Began to promote industrialization
? Actively introducing Western culture and technology o But anti-alienism was still widespread
? Based on ideas from the previous Tokugawa Rule
? "blood-wine" rumour When it finally opened, the number of applicants was surprisingly small (because of the anti-alienism) The transfer of technology was not the most significant feature o Transplant of a completely new Western production system was more important
? i.e. the factory system Tomioka filature focused "quality-first" principle There already existed a few Western-style filatures o "domestic filatures" o But were based on viewpoint of cheaper and easier transfers of Western technology
? Adaptation rather than adoption Tomioka filature introduced a Western factory management system to Japan o Sunday holidays
? Unknown in Japanese society due to reliance on lunar calendar and lack of Christianity
? These regular holidays led to high-absentee rate, loitering and tardiness
? Government introduced Sunday system into public schools and offices in 1876
? Took until 1940s to penetrate factories and society o 8 hour days

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Chinese Economic History Since 1850 Notes.