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LPC Law Notes Business Law and Practice Notes

Appointment And Removal Of Directors Notes

Updated Appointment And Removal Of Directors Notes

Business Law and Practice Notes

Business Law and Practice

Approximately 649 pages

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Company Law – Private Limited Companies

Appointment and Removal of directors

IN EXAM: remember to advise Director in BOTH his capacities as office holder and employee of the company

  1. Appointment of director

  • Professional Conduct issue: Who is your client? The company or the individual director being appointed or removed?

First director (office holder)
  • S.9 – first director’s will be persons names as directors in the statement of proposed officers. On incorporation they will become directors automatically.

  • S.154 – private company must have at least ONE director

  • S.155 – ONE director must be a natural person

  • S.157 – director who is natural person must be at least 16 years of age.

Procedure of appointment:

  • Form NI01 – proposes office holders

  • Appointment of director occurs upon registration / incorporation of the company. [S.9]

Subsequent directors

(Office holders)

  • Model Article 17: Ordinary resolution by shareholders or a Board decision by directors.

  • Procedural requirements will be in the articles

  • Any person seeking appointment as a director must sign a form indicating their consent to act as a director.

  • NOTE: is there a ‘qualifying share’ in the Special Articles?

Executive directors
  • Director is a EMPLOYEE as well as a OFFICE HOLDER

  • Appointment is a contractual relationship

  • S.188 CA 2006 – Directors’ long term service contracts [2 years +]: requirements of ordinary resolution.

S.188(5) Memorandum setting out proposed contract needs to be available for 15 days prior to meeting (at registered office) and also needs to be presented at the meeting.

(NB. No short notice possible for general meeting)

Appointment under a Service agreement:

Employment agreement

Sets out duties, responsibilities of director

Terms of employment

Can include restrictive covenants

Private document

Why is it useful: under model articles – Directors cannot enforce their rights but shareholders can. [S.33] Service contract is enforceable under contract law.

Procedure to appoint an exec-director:

Board Meeting

1. Notice – Art 9 – reasonable notice

2. Quorum – 2

3. Is a declaration of interest necessary?

4. Note that shareholder approval is needed (set out what resolution/s is needed)

4. Memorandum to be available at registered office for at least 15 days prior to GM (S.188(5)

5. Resolve to call GM

General Meeting

1. Notice (S.307 = 14 clear days [clear days = S.360]! But note S.188(5) [service agreement has to be at office for 15 days before GM can be held] this time can be incorporated into the 14 clear days rule – so no short notice for this GM pursuant to S.307(4,5&5) is allowed)

2. Quorum [S.318(2)] = 2 members

Resolutions [Special = 75% of those present and voting] or Ordinary [depends on what articles say].

  • Special Resolution to amend articles;

  • Ordinary Resolution to permit service agreement over 2 years.

  • Resolution to approve salary

Board Meeting

1. Notice – Art. 9 [reasonable]

2. Quorum = 2

3. Note resolutions passed at GM

4. Appoint new director if not already appointed at the GM

5. Resolve to enter into service agreement and authorise signatory for company.

6. Can new director vote? Model Art. 14(1) says D must be excluded. But note exceptions in special articles?

7. note that records will have to be dealt with.

8 No need for new director to declare interest under S.177 because of exception in S.177(6)


1. Send to Companies House:

  • Form AP01 within 14 days

  • Special resolutions within 15 days [S.29/30]

2. Internal records

  • Directors’ register

  • Minutes o Board meeting and GM meetings

  • Keep service agreement available for inspection [under S.288 CA]

  • Update appropriate registers of Directors (and members if director has also got a shareholding)

S.228: Contract must be available for inspection

S.229: Members have right to request a copy of contract

If no approval / procedure is carried out incorrectly = contract is void and company can terminate employment giving reasonable notice.

  1. Removal of director

Remove Director as office holder [in his capacity as director]


  1. Model Article 18

    1. D must leave automatically if Article.18 (a-e) apply

    2. D resigns- Model article 18(f)

  2. Check Articles of Association:

  • Retirement by rotation

  • Qualifying shares

  • Special method of removal?

  1. Disqualification under ‘Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 (i.e. where D is guilty of misconduct)

  2. Using the power given by S.168 CA 2006:

By way of Shareholders ordinary resolution at a GM!

Notice requirements:

  • S.168(2) special notice is required to be GIVEN TO the company BY the proposing shareholders.

  • S.312: special notice is 28 days [clear days – S.360 – period of time is taken as excluding day of meeting and the day on which notice is given].

  • S.312(4)if special notice is given to the company and then the company call a GM in a shorter period of 28 days [e.g. 14 days] – the special notice is still deemed proper and the GM will be valid. [This provision only works if special notice was given to company before it called the GM].

S.189(1) Send copy of the notice to director

S.169(3) & (4): Director has right to be at meeting to defend himself [this is why resolution must be in the form of a GM and not a written res]

S.288: written resolution to remove a director under S.168 is not possible!

  • S.215 – 217: non-contractual compensation requires shareholder approval (i.e. any gratuitous payment by company to exiting director)

S.168 cannot be...

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