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LPC Law Notes Business Law and Practice Notes

Buy Back Of Shares Considerations Notes

Updated Buy Back Of Shares Considerations Notes

Business Law and Practice Notes

Business Law and Practice

Approximately 649 pages

A collection of the best LPC BLP notes the director of Oxbridge Notes (an Oxford law graduate) could find after combing through dozens of LPC samples from outstanding students with the highest results in England and carefully evaluating each on accuracy, formatting, logical structure, spelling/grammar, conciseness and "wow-factor".

In short these are what we believe to be the strongest set of Business Law and Practice notes available in the UK this year. This collection of notes is fully updat...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Business Law and Practice Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

  • Look also at the Maintenance of Capital notes (BB is an exception)

  • Return member’s investment where no 3rd P can be found to purchase the shares (which means the member is )

  • Return money to member rather than by dividend

  • By decreasing the number of shares in issue, it increases the earnings per share and company is more attractive to investors and existing shareholders (so investors and members are )

  • It facilitates the removal of a D / problematic member

  • Ds should always keep in mind their Duties (particularly s.172) when consideration it

Commercial Problems
  • Shares Bought Back are immediately cancelled under s.706(b)(i), so the Ds are essentially giving away money for no consideration (which makes the consideration of their duties all the more important (i.e. s.172))

Shareholder Concerns
  1. The ‘lost’ money spent on the buy-back cannot be used to make more profits for the existing shareholder ()

  2. Company’s funds become depleted, meaning that it is stepping closer to insolvency and, because members are at the bottom of the list, they won’t get their investment back ()

Creditor Concerns
  1. Company’s funds become depleted, meaning that it is stepping closer to insolvency ()

  2. The reduction in the original pool of capital will mean that creditors will receive a smaller proportion ()

Effect Consider the effect on the change in voting control


  • Only distributed if there are profits available (s.830) at the sole discretion and amount that the Ds think fit by members passing an OR (MA30(1) / TA102)

  • Formula: ‘all realised profits to date’ LESS ‘all realised losses to date = distributable profit or loss

  • A breach of s.830:

  • Ds who authorised the dividend are jointly and severally liable for the full amount

  • Member should refund the full amount if knew/reasonable grounds it was unauthorised

Redeemable Shares

  • Can only issue them if you already have ordinary shares (s.684(4))

  • The articles must expressly permit it for public companies

  • For private, there must be an express restriction in it

  • Private companies may redeem redeemable shares from:

    • Distributable profits; and

    • Capital (if Articles permit); and

    • Reduction of Capital

      • Provided that Ds make a statement of solvency and members pass an SR

Justifying Concerns of Concerned Person

A Question asking you to consider a D’s or S’holder Concerns and whether they are justified

Step 1:

Find the Current Ratio

Is a direct comparison of current assets with current liabilities. I measure the assets which can be turned into cash relatively readily in order to meet liabilities which must be paid within 12 months. The result is expressed as a ratio:

__Current assets__ : 1

Current liabilities

So if the current assets are 40,000 and the current liabilities are 20,000, the current ratio will be :

40,000 = 2:1


  • A ratio of 1:1 would mean that the business has exactly 1 of current assets with which to meet every 1 of current liabilities. Most business would expect to have a higher ratio, say 1.5:1.

Step 2:

Find the Acid Test

The Current ratio takes into account all of the current assets. Closing stock may not be quickly saleable. The Acid Test is the ratio between current liabilities and current assets excluding stock (or work in progress in a non-trading business). The Acid Test Ratio omits stock from current assets because of the difficulty in converting stock into cash quickly.

Current Assets – Closing Stock : 1

Current Liabilities

Prepayments form the current assets figure are also excluded as these represent amounts already paid by the business, their very nature means that they cannot usually be converted back into cash.

Current Assets
Stock (Work in progress/prepayments) 65,000
Debtors +50,000
Cash +5,000
= 120,000
Current Liabilities
Creditors 40,000
Accruals +10,000
= <50,000>
Net Current Assets 70,000

The Acid Test is: 120,000 – 65,000 = 1.1:1


An acid test of 1:1 means that the business has 1 of readily liquid assets for every 1 of current liabilities. The lower the ratio, the greater the risk of the business being unable to meet its debts as they fall due. However, even a high ratio needs to be considered critically. The business may not be pursuing its debtors rigorously, or may not have written off sufficient bad debts.

  • We want a 1:1 minimum, meaning you can meet liabilities

  • This test removes assets that may not materialise

Step 3:

Difficulty in Paying Debts?

  • Look at the balance sheet to compare Cash to Short Term Trade Creditors and ask whether it has difficulty in paying its debts. Look mainly at the configuration of the Balance Sheet

  • Question:

    • Bad debts

    • Perishable stock

    • Work in progress amount could be over-inflated

    • Debtors figure could be over-inflated

Step 4:

Impact of the BB on the Net...

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