This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Anxiety notes, which we sell as part of the Psychology Notes collection, a First package written at Oxford in 2015 that contains (approximately) 125 pages of notes across 24 different documents.
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Anxiety is a survival mechanism for dealing with real dangers o Attention focuses on perceived danger o Increase in arousal (heart rate; sweating; butterflies in stomach; more blood to muscles) in preparation for flight/ fight o Strong urge to avoid Anxiety is problematic when danger is imagined Anxiety disorder when axiety is out of proportion to the danger, is persistent and disabling More than 1 in 20 people suffer from anxiety disorder each year
Types of anxiety disorders
Panic disorder - repeated unexpected attacks of anxiety Phobias (specific + social) - vertigo/ coyote ugly: marked fear and avoidance of a situation Obsessive compulsive disorder- distressing thoughts or images with putting right acions Post traumatic stress disorder- rape/ road traffic accident- unwanted, distressing memories of traumatic event Generalised anxiety disorder - finance/studies/health - excessive worry about several different things
Impact of anxiety disorders
Common Varying in disability from mild to very disabling Around 2/3rd would warrant treatment Higher rate in women than men Co-morbidity with depression and substance abuse common Runs in families but genetic vulnerability is broader than just anxiety disorders Varies in persistence Cost to society of untreated anxiety disorders and depression
Medications o Benzodiazopines- for short term distress o Anti-depressants - SSRIs/ SNRIs
Psychological treatments o Cognitive behaviour therapy
8-16 sessions, once a week, hour long
Based on cognitive model of emotional disorders
Aims to change problematic beliefs and related behaviours
Strong foundation in academic sychology
Patient is very active
No treatment- wait lists, controls for natural recovery
Psychosocial placebo or active treatment
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