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FACTS In 1993, X, who is domiciled in Germany, was sentenced by a German court, together with his brother, to life imprisonment for the murder of a well-known actor. He was released on parole in January 2008. eDate Advertising, which is established in Austria, operates an internet portal under the address 'www.rainbow.at'. In the section 'Info-News', on the pages dedicated to old news, the defendant made access to a report, dated 23 August 1999, available for purposes of consultation until 18 June 2007. That report, which named X and his brother, stated that they had both lodged appeals against their conviction with the Bundesverfassungsgericht (Federal Constitutional Court) in Karlsruhe (Germany). In addition to a brief description of the crime committed in 1990, the lawyer instructed by the convicted men is quoted as saying that they intended to prove that several of the principal witnesses for the prosecution had not told the truth at the trial. X called upon eDate Advertising to desist from reporting that matter and to give an undertaking that it would refrain from future publication. QUESTION Is the phrase "the place where the harmful event ... may occur" in Article 5(3) of [the Regulation] to be interpreted as meaning, in the event of (possible) infringements of the right to protection of personality by means of content on an internet website, that the person concerned may also bring an action for an injunction against the operator of the website, irrespective of the Member State in which the operator is established, in the courts of any Member State in which the website may be accessed, does the jurisdiction of the courts of a Member State in which the operator of the website is not established require that there be a special connection between the contested content or the website and the State of the court seised (domestic connecting factor) going beyond technically possible accessibility?
HOLDING The test is Shevill continues to apply In relation to the application of those two connecting criteria to actions seeking reparation for non-material damage allegedly caused by a defamatory publication, the Court has held that, in the case of defamation by means of a newspaper article distributed in several Contracting States, the victim may bring an action for damages against the publisher either before the courts of the
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