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Rosler Notes

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ROSLER (1985) FACTS By a written agreement dated 19 January 1980, horst rottwinkel, the plaintiff in the main proceedings, let a flat in his holiday villa at cannobio in Italy to erich rosler, the defendant in the main proceedings, for the period from 12 July to 2 August 1980. The rent agreed for four persons was dm 2 625. By the terms of the agreement visitors were not allowed to stay overnight. The incidental charges for gas, water and electricity had to be calculated according to the quantities consumed and there was also an extra charge for cleaning at the end of the letting. The parties further agreed that the agreement was to be governed by German law, that bielefeld was to be the place of performance and that its courts were to have jurisdiction. The plaintiff in the main proceedings spent his holiday in the holiday villa at the same time as the defendant…. On 7 January 1981 the plaintiff sued the defendant in the landgericht (regional court) berlin, for damages and for the payment of outstanding incidental charges. He claimed that throughout the holiday the defendant had accommodated more than four persons in the holiday home which caused the cesspool constantly to overflow, creating an intolerable smell, and was a considerable nuisance owing to the noise. He claimed damages from the defendant for loss of holiday enjoyment, founding his claim on a breach of the lease, and sought reimbursement of the costs of travelling to the holiday resort. He also claimed, under the terms of the lease, payment of incidental charges in respect of gas, electricity and water and of cleaning at the end of the letting. QUESTIONS (1) is Article 16 (1) of the convention applicable if a lease concluded between persons resident in the Federal Republic of Germany is for the short letting only of a holiday home located in Italy and the parties to the lease have agreed that German law is to apply?
(2) if Article 16 (1) is applicable, does it apply to actions for damages for breach of the lease, particularly for compensation for loss of holiday enjoyment and for the recovery of incidental charges payable under the lease?
HOLDING Rationale for the rule under Art. 22

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