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Strike Out Notes

BPTC Law Notes > BPTC Civil Ligitation Notes

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A more recent version of these Strike Out notes – written by City Law School students – is available here.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our BPTC Civil Ligitation Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Strike out, Stays and Discontinuance Strike out When can an application be made to strike out a claim?

CPR r3.4(2): If the statement of case: (a) Discloses no reasonable grounds for bringing or defending the claim; (b) Is an abuse of process; (c) Likely to obstruct the just disposal of proceedings;

OR (d) there has been a failure to comply with a rule, PD or court order.

What can be struck out?

Either part or the whole of a statement of case.

What is the procedure for bringing a strike out application?

(1) Application notice in accordance with Part 23; (2) Notice may be served with evidence if it is required (facts may be self evident as to why the application is made).

When should an application be made?

An application should be made as soon as it becomes apparent that it is desirable to make it. Usually this is following acknowledgement of service and allocation.

What is the general test when deciding whether to strike out the claim?

Where it is plain and obvious that there is little point having a trial.

What does it mean 'no reasonable grounds'?

This is where the statement of case:

Sets out no facts as to what the case is about;

Is incoherent and makes no sense; or

The facts alleged do not give rise to a legally recognisable claim against the defendant ('D'). This is also where the defence:

Only consists of a bare denial; or

Only contains facts that do not amount to a defence. This claim can only be made by a defendant, and D loses this right after serving a defence. An abuse of process is:
? Where the limitation period has expired for the claim;
? The claim is valid but too minimal to bring proceedings;
? Where the claim is started without any intention to pursue it;
? Where the litigation is only started for the purpose of causing expense, harassment or commercial prejudice;
? Raising a claim that should have been raised in earlier proceedings;
? Where evidence has been destroyed after bringing a claim;
? Bringing a claim after a settlement has been agreed; or
? A claim based on docs or comments that were made 'without prejudice'. If the statement is deemed vexatious or obviously ill-founded. Also if it is poorly drafting, without it being clear what is admitted and what is denied, or seeks to reverse the burden of proof.

What does it mean an 'abuse of process', and who can allege this?

What does it mean 'likely to obstruct the just disposal of the proceedings'?

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